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:: year 26, Issue 84 (9-2018) ::
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی 2018, 26(84): 157-184 Back to browse issues page
An Analysis of the Function of Non-verbal Communications in Shahnameh
Abstract:   (495 Views)
Non-verbal communications could be a part of visual signs that, because of their importance in interpersonal relationships and transition of meaning, are highly regarded by psychologists and sociologists. One of the major subdivisions of this topic is called "Body Language" that has existed in all human societies since ancient times. These non-verbal signs, some thousands of years old, have cultural and rhetorical functions, with common and sometimes conflicting aspects, in the cultures and social traditions of different tribes. The more ancient and comprehensive the literary context of a piece of research is, the more valuable that analysis in explaining the cultural, social, and even aesthetic aspects of texts will be. Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, as a representative of Iranian culture and thought in prehistoric age up until the Islamic era, can be the best representation of metalingual communicative performance in Iranian cultural history. Due to the prototypic nature of characters in Shahnameh, many of their non-verbal signs can also be considered the archetypal source of the behavioral interactions or body language of the Iranian people when in the context of epic their national and social identities as Iranians are formed. In this article, attempts has been made to decode these obscure and complex cultural concepts by exploring the "body language" in non-linguistic acts of main characters in Shahnameh. The results of this research demonstrate that the body language of characters in Shahnameh is not accidental but totally conscious. Indeed, the purpose has been to draw the attention of the readers to rethink the patterns of individual and social behavior of Iranian and non-Iranian ethnicities so to recognize the cultural identity mainly through irony and symbolism.
Keywords: Non-verbal Communication, Body Language, Cultural Ethology, Shahnameh of Ferdowsi.
Full-Text [PDF 321 kb]   (340 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: ادبیات غنایی
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An Analysis of the Function of Non-verbal Communications in Shahnameh. دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی. 2018; 26 (84) :157-184
URL: http://jpll.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3237-en.html

year 26, Issue 84 (9-2018) Back to browse issues page
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبیات فارسی Half-Yearly Persian Language and Literature
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