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:: year 26, Issue 84 (9-2018) ::
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی 2018, 26(84): 219-241 Back to browse issues page
A study of Determinism and Free-will in Persian Proverbs
Abstract:   (258 Views)
Proverbs as a part of colloquial literature are always nourished by religion, culture, traditions, and philosophical beliefs of a community, and thus they mirror the common beliefs of a people. The frequent repletion of a proverb pregnant with a specific thought makes that type of thought a behavioral pattern and affects the actions and behaviors of the people of a society. In the Iranian society, always two trends in theological rhetoric were dominant; i.e. the Mu'tazila's espousal of free-will and the Ash'ari's advocacy of determinism. However, because governments continually and in different ways have reinforced the Ash'ari’s determinism, these beliefs have penetrated into the mindset and language ​​of the people. This mentality is so widespread that most Persian proverbs reverberate with this deterministic overtone. A similar determinism in ancient Iran is traceable in the creed of Zorvani who knows this through the concept of "bhakht" which is reflected, for example, in belief in absolute determinism, belief in God's judgment, the will of God and the lack of independence to control one’s own destiny. It also led them to misconstrue issues such as trust in God, delegation of authority, and submission to the will of God: misunderstandings that have had damaging consequences for the Iranian culture throughout ages.
Keywords: Thought, Determinism, Free-will, Proverbs
Full-Text [PDF 348 kb]   (119 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: ادبیات غنایی
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A study of Determinism and Free-will in Persian Proverbs . دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی. 2018; 26 (84) :219-241
URL: http://jpll.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3240-en.html


year 26, Issue 84 (9-2018) Back to browse issues page
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبیات فارسی Half-Yearly Persian Language and Literature
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