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:: year 25, Issue 82 (Published issues 2017) ::
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی 2017, 25(82): 37-59 Back to browse issues page
Attar’s Portrait in the Introduction of Mantiqu't-Tair
Shokr-Allah Pour Alkhas * 1, Rouh-Allah Sharifi 2, Shahla Sharifi 3
1- Associate Professor of Mohaghegh Adbabili University , pouralkhas@uma.ac.ir
2- Associate Professor of Kermanshah University
3- PhD Candidate at Persian Language and Literature
Abstract:   (1631 Views)
Mantiqu't-Tair, a description of human love for self-scrutiny and meeting with God, is the most significant mystical work of Attar in the form of allegory of birds in search of Simurgh or phoenix. The contradictory presence of the author as a mystic and a historian at the beginning of the book is astonishing. Although the introduction is short and distinct from the mystical text, it is of great importance owing to the interaction of mysticism and history. The historian tries to discover the truth based on the valid documentations and through a retrospective look into the past and carefully analyzing the accuracy of historical quotes and reviews whereas the mystic avoids politics and analysis. In general, history is independent of mysticism but it is the best support for the mystic. Attar is a creative mystic in the sense of innovating mystical symbols and sometimes creating historical characters out of mystical symbols, while he is oblivious to the judgment of history. Symbolizing the historical figures and disregarding the historical documentations, in addition to invalidating his judgment of the individuals, have other outcomes, including a crisis of reasoning and a rejection of mystical principles that Attar himself adheres to. This study is conducted to prove this claim in the introduction of Mantiqu't-Tair.
Keywords: Prophet, Mysticism, Analytical History, Historian, Attar
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Pour Alkhas S, Sharifi R, Sharifi S. Attar’s Portrait in the Introduction of Mantiqu't-Tair. دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبيات فارسی. 2017; 25 (82) :37-59
URL: http://jpll.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2932-en.html

year 25, Issue 82 (Published issues 2017) Back to browse issues page
دوفصلنامه زبان و ادبیات فارسی Half-Yearly Persian Language and Literature
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