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studying and comparing happiness processes from the perspective of Epicurus and Mowlavi
Mahin Panahi 1, Ali Mohammadi asiabadi2 , Masoume Taheri3
1- Faculty of Literature, Al-Zahra University Tehran, Iran , mpanahi@alzahra.ac.ir
2- Faculty of Literature, Shahrekord University, Iran
3- Faculty of Literature, Al-Zahra University Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (612 Views)
Happiness as the goal and end of human life has been continuously considered throughout history. The concept of happiness as one of the basic human needs is understood and inferred in different ways. Most people consider happiness to be equal to pleasure, and some consider happiness to be the same as thoughtful life; In Sufism, happiness is the result of great spiritual expansion. The important point is that there is a common factor in all the definitions of happiness, and that is the feeling of satisfaction and contentment; Therefore, the feeling of mental comfort has a direct relationship with happiness. Jalaluddin Mohammad Mowlavi (604-672 A.H.) is one of the mystics whose words radiate joy. He considers Sufism as a way to receive the joy of the heart when sad factors come down, and he puts forward the components that lead a person to live happily ever after. Epicurus (341-270 B.C), the philosopher of the Hellenistic era of ancient Greece, who is known as the "philosopher of happiness", also presents a practical method that leads to happiness and happiness by considering sustainable pleasure as the ultimate human good. to be Now, the question is, what kind of pleasure is the pleasure of Epicurus, and does happiness from Epicurus' point of view and happiness from Mowlavi's point of view have common aspects or not?
Method: In this article, an attempt has been made to check whether there is a connection between Epicurean hedonism and hedonism from Mowlavi's point of view by means of library study and data comparison and analysis.
Findings and results: By carefully studying Epicurus' opinions and thoughts and his practical life, we can come to the conclusion that the pleasure from Epicurus' point of view is not only material and fleeting pleasures, but also like other moral theorists. The ancients expressed the goal as eudaimonia or happiness. The goal of his philosophy is to reach a stable state. In this way, man tries to achieve ataraxia by creating limits for his temporary and unstable pleasures. On the other hand, the practical philosophy of Epicurus expresses the components that have aspects in common with some views of Muslim mystics, including Mowlavi.
 
Keywords: ataraxia, Epicurus, Jalaluddin Mohammad Mowlavi, Happiness, Maqam Reza
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: ادبیات تطبیقی
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دوفصلنامه  زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه خوارزمی Half-Yearly Persian Language and Literature
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